Quick Answer: How Do You Address Health Literacy?

How do you ensure health literacy?

Here are eight suggestions, to start:Ask open-ended questions to assess the patient’s understanding of written materials, including prescription labels.Use the Teach Back communication method to determine if a patient has understood your instructions and can repeat the information in their own words.More items…•.

What grade level should health information be?

Health literacy is basic reading and numerical skills that allow a person to function in the health care environment. Even though most adults read at an eighth-grade level, and 20 percent of the population reads at or below a fifth-grade level, most health care materials are written at a 10th-grade level.

What is basic health literacy?

Health literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information needed to make appropriate health decisions.

What is poor health literacy?

Low health literacy has been consistently associated with poor health outcomes, including poorer health status [7–9], lack of knowledge about medical conditions and related care [10], lack of engagement with health care providers [11], decreased comprehension of medical information [10], mortality [12], and poorer use …

What kind of problems can low health literacy cause?

Health literacy is strongly associated with patients being able to engage in complex disease management and self-care. Patients who are unable to successfully interpret health information have increased hospitalization rates, develop more diseases, and experience higher mortality.

What tools can nurses use to address health literacy?

Nurses, nurse managers, and general health care providers can use the following strategies for improving health literacy among patient populations:Creating a welcoming environment. … Making use of printed information. … Using basic language. … Speaking at a measured pace. … Asking questions. … Encouraging questions.

How do you teach patients with low literacy skills?

Don’t overlook patients with low health literacySlow down and take time. … Use plain, nonmedical, everyday language. … Show or draw pictures and use other teaching tools whenever possible. … Limit the amount of information provided and repeat it. … Use the teach-back or show-me technique. … Create a shame-free environment.

What is a health literacy tool?

Health literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.

What is the importance of health literacy?

Strong health literacy enables people to develop the skills and confidence to make informed decisions about their health and the health of their families, to be active partners in their care, to effectively navigate health-care systems, and to advocate effectively to their political leaders and policy-makers.

What is health literacy in nursing?

Health literacy refers to a patient’s knowledge and skill in making informed health care decisions. Low health literacy is associated with poor health outcomes that nurses have the potential to affect.

What factors affect health literacy?

A number of factors may influence an individual’s health literacy, including living in poverty, education, race/ethnicity, age, and disability. Adults living below the poverty level have lower health literacy than adults living above the poverty level.

What are the levels of health literacy?

The four literacy levels are (1) below basic, (2) basic, (3) intermediate, and (4) proficient.

What areas of health literacy do you need to improve?

An important strategy for improving health literacy is to use plain language in both verbal and written communications. According to plainlanguage.gov, plain language should ensure that users can find what they need, understand what they find, and use what they find to meet their needs.

How do you address low health literacy?

Addressing Low Health LiteracyThe first step is to identify the problem. … Slow down. … Use plain, non-medical language. … Show or draw pictures. … Limit the amount of information provided and repeat it before moving on. … Use the teach-back or show-me technique. … Create a shame-free environment. … Build in safeguards.

How do you overcome low health literacy?

Improving patient health literacy: Strategies for healthcare…Recommend mobile apps. According to a 2017 Pew Research Center study, a notable majority of Americans – some 77 percent, to be precise – now own a smartphone. … Use plain language. … Make use of graphics and pictures. … Utilize technology to reach more patients. … Build community connections.

What is the difference between literacy and health literacy?

Literacy is defined as a set of reading, writing, basic mathematics, speech, and speech comprehension skills (Kirsch, 2001a). Health literacy is the bridge between the literacy (and other) skills and abilities of the individual and the health context.

How does low health literacy affect patient outcomes?

Patients with low literacy had poorer health outcomes, including knowledge, intermediate disease markers, measures of morbidity, general health status, and use of health resources. Patients with low literacy were generally 1.5 to 3 times more likely to experience a given poor outcome.

What is an example of health literacy?

For example, it includes the ability to understand instructions on prescription drug bottles, appointment slips, medical education brochures, doctor’s directions and consent forms, and the ability to negotiate complex health care systems.

How can nurses help with health literacy?

Nurses must also integrate patient health literacy efforts seamlessly into patient-provider interactions, create a judgement-free environment for reviewing medication terminology, and use non-clinical terms and patient teach-back to reinforce literacy reviews.

What are the three levels of health literacy?

The data were analyzed based on three levels of health literacy: the basic, communicative, and critical level.