Quick Answer: What Causes Malnutrition In Developing Countries?

What are the signs and symptoms of PEM?

Clinical signs and symptoms of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) include the following:Poor weight gain.Slowing of linear growth.Behavioral changes – Irritability, apathy, decreased social responsiveness, anxiety, and attention deficits..

How can we fix malnutrition in developing countries?

Things such as vitamin, mineral and micronutrient supplementation; delayed cord clamping after birth, kangaroo mother care, early initiation of breastfeeding, promotion of dietary diversity, fortifying staple foods, cash transfer programmes, community-based nutrition education, and school feeding programmes.

What are the factors that cause malnutrition?

Poverty, family instability, poor environmental sanitation, faulty weaning practices, illiteracy, ignorance, large family size and preventable infections are the main factors responsible for malnutrition.

What is the main treatment for malnutrition?

Dietary changes are the main treatment for malnutrition. If you’re undernourished, you may need to increase the nutritional content of your food, with or without taking nutritional supplements.

How can we prevent malnutrition essay?

The best way to prevent malnutrition is to eat a healthy, balanced diet. You need to eat a variety of foods from the main food groups, including: plenty of fruit and vegetables. plenty of starchy foods such as bread, rice, potatoes, pasta.

How can you tell if someone is malnourished?

Some signs and symptoms of malnutrition include:a lack of appetite or interest in food or drink.tiredness and irritability.an inability to concentrate.always feeling cold.depression.loss of fat, muscle mass, and body tissue.a higher risk of getting sick and taking longer to heal.longer healing time for wounds.More items…•

What is the best vitamin for malnutrition?

Nutritional Deficiencies (Malnutrition)Iron.Vitamin A.Thiamine.Niacin.Folate.Vitamin B-12.Vitamin D.Calcium.More items…

What are the effects of undernourishment?

Children who survive can face a long list of devastating side effects that last a lifetime, preventing them from achieving success in school and pursuing meaningful work in adulthood. Such effects of malnutrition include increased vulnerability to diseases, developmental delays, stunted growth and even blindness.

What are the causes of child malnutrition?

Diet problems, psychological problems, digestive complaints and stomach conditions, lack of food, high food prices and lack of breastfeeding all the main causes of malnutrition [9].

What are the risk factors for malnutrition in older adults?

Factors contributing to malnutritionNormal age-related changes. … Illness. … Impairment in ability to eat. … Dementia. … Medications. … Restricted diets. … Limited income. … Reduced social contact.More items…•

What are the basic underlying and immediate causes of malnutrition?

The immediate causes of malnutrition are an inadequate diet and disease. The manifestation of malnutrition is due to the difference between the amount of nutrients absorbed from food and the amount of nutrients required by the body.

What are the 4 types of malnutrition?

Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. … There are 4 broad sub-forms of undernutrition: wasting, stunting, underweight, and deficiencies in vitamins and minerals. … Low weight-for-height is known as wasting. … Low height-for-age is known as stunting.More items…•

What are the two main types of malnutrition?

There are two major types of malnutrition:Protein-energy malnutrition – resulting from deficiencies in any or all nutrients.Micronutrient deficiency diseases – resulting from a deficiency of specific micronutrients.

What is the leading cause of malnutrition in the developing world?

Underlying Causes of Malnutrition: Disease HIV and AIDS have become a leading cause of acute malnutrition in developing countries. A child infected with HIV is more vulnerable to acute malnutrition than a healthy child.

What are the signs and symptoms of malnutrition?

Other symptoms of malnutrition include:reduced appetite.lack of interest in food and drink.feeling tired all the time.feeling weaker.getting ill often and taking a long time to recover.wounds taking a long time to heal.poor concentration.feeling cold most of the time.More items…