Quick Answer: What Factors Can Affect The Nutritional Status Of The Older Person?

Why is good nutrition important for elderly?

Good nutrition is important, no matter what your age.

It gives you energy and can help you control your weight.

It may also help prevent some diseases, such as osteoporosis, high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers..

What are the 3 types of nutrition?

There are seven major classes of nutrients: carbohydrates, fats, fiber, minerals, protein, vitamins, and water.Carbohydrates – our main source of energy.Fats – one source of energy and important in relation to fat soluble vitamins.More items…•

What are the signs of poor nutrition?

It can be a good idea to know the signs of poor nutrition so you can talk with your doctor if you notice any of them.Feeling Tired. … Brittle, Dry Hair. … Ridged or Spoon-Shaped Nails. … Dental Problems. … Change in Bowel Habits. … Mood and Mental Health Issues. … Easy Bruising and Slow Healing. … Slow Immune Response.

How can you promote good nutrition and hydration?

Try to encourage good nutrition and hydration, and make mealtimes enjoyable for the person you care for.High-protein foods. … Drinking enough fluids. … Plan your meals. … Specific nutritional needs. … Eating and drinking aids. … Help for swallowing difficulties. … ‘Meals on wheels’

What factors affect the nutrition of older adults?

Changes in taste, smell and appetite generally decline with age, making it more difficult to enjoy eating and keep regular eating habits. Illness. Disease-related inflammation and illnesses can contribute to declines in appetite and changes in how the body processes nutrients. Impairment in ability to eat.

How does age affect nutritional status?

Aging causes various changes in body composition, which have important consequences on health and physical functions. There is a progressive decrease in lean body mass and an increase in body fat. Decreased physical activity accounts for the increased body fat, and this may lead to decreased energy intake with aging.

What factors affect Ageing?

The most notable exogenous factors influencing degree of aging were sun exposure and smoking. Other possibly contributory lifestyle factors include alcohol consumption, stress, diet, exercise, disease, and medication.

What are the factors affecting food and nutrition?

The Factors That Influence Our Food ChoicesBiological determinants such as hunger, appetite, and taste.Economic determinants such as cost, income, availability.Physical determinants such as access, education, skills (e.g. cooking) and time.Social determinants such as culture, family, peers and meal patterns.More items…•

What are the factors to good nutrition?

The Importance of Good NutritionReduce the risk of some diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, stroke, some cancers, and osteoporosis.Reduce high blood pressure.Lower high cholesterol.Improve your well-being.Improve your ability to fight off illness.Improve your ability to recover from illness or injury.Increase your energy level.

What are the signs of poor nutrition and hydration?

Dry lips and dry scaly skin can indicate poor hydration and nutrient deficiency. Swollen, bleeding gums or a sore red swollen tongue (glossitis) can indicate vitamin C and or Vitamin B deficiency or gum disease. Pale skin, breathlessness on exertion, fatigue and dizziness can indicate iron deficiency.

Which factors affect nutritional status?

Biological factors include age, gender, growth, disease states, and genetic makeup. Among the nonbiological factors, socio-economic status is the most important. Poverty is one of the major socio-economic causes of variation in nutrient intake, and it also impacts nutrient requirements.

What factors can affect nutrition and hydration?

Factors affecting optimal nutrition and hydration of people living in SDCUs include individual factors relating to appetite, food appeal, and cognitive and functional abilities, as well as the environmental factors of dining room surroundings, the social environment of mealtimes and support from caregivers.